2D and 3D Design
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What is FabLab?Click to read

It is a place to play, to create, to mentor and to invent: a place for learning and innovation.

If you have a FabLab close by you can use these instructions to guide you in your first steps. You can also use these instructions at home with your own computer for your own projects.

“Give ordinary people the right tools, and they will design and build the most extraordinary
– Prof Neil Gershenfeld, MIT

Fab Lab comes from the English words Fabrication Laboratory, a kind of manufacturing laboratory. Fab Lab has its roots in the Center for Bits and Atoms at MIT University in Massachusetts, USA. That institute is headed by Professor Neil Gershenfeld who, in addition to conducting extensive research in this field, teaches a course at MIT called How to Make (Almost) Anything.

Fab Lab (Fabrication Laboratory) is a workshop with equipment and tools to make almost anything. The Fab Lab workshop gives young and old, individuals and companies, the opportunity to train their creativity and implement their ideas by designing, shaping and producing things with the help of digital technology.


We want to be doers in the digital future. We want to create new jobs, new opportunities and activate the possibilities offered by new technologies.. 


Radical changes in society and the economy call for changes in education. Education and skills in trades, science and technology are an important basis for innovation.







Fab lab is an open platform for the public, companies, entrepreneurs, and students.


Fab Lab is a workshop with devices and tools to make almost anything.


In FabLab include; computerized laser cutters, vinyl cutters, milling machines, 3D scanners and 3D printers



What equipment is in Fab Lab workshops?

All Fab Lab workshops are equipped with various types of equipment to generate all kinds of ideas.

All workshops have laser cutters, large milling machines, fine milling machines, 3D printers, electronics workshops, have 3D scanning facilities, remote conferencing equipment and 2D and 3D design equipment along with programming equipment.


Software to draw

2D and 3D drawingsClick to read

What is the difference?

2D (two-dimensional) drawings
describe objects in terms of length and height on a flat surface without depth.


3D (three-dimensional) drawings
describe objects in terms of height, width and depth.


Many options are for software to draw such as: 

2D drawing


3D drawing

Inkscape   Tinkercard

Easy desktop app for creating cutting files


A free web app for 3D design, electronics, and coding

Gimp   Meshmixer

GIMP is a image editor. It is free software,.


A free and open-source 3D computer graphics software tool


What is Inkscape?Click to read

Inkscape is a professional quality vector graphics software 

Inkscape is free and
open source and can be found at:


Widely used for both artistic and technical illustrations
such as cartoons, clip art, logos and typography

Inkscape uses the standardized SVG file format as its main format
You can import and export various file formats, including SVG, AI, EPS, PDF, PS and PNG.

It uses vector graphics to allow for sharp printouts and renderings at unlimited resolution
They do not loose any quality if they are zoomed or resized


Get to know InscapeClick to read

Keyboard Shortcuts for Inkscape
There are many shortcuts, commands you can learn as you go along.

This software has many possibilities.
Take one step at the time.

First lets get an overview of the software and its basics
Try them as we go along and then check out our quests.

Often there are more than one ways to achieve the same result.
Soon you will develop your own habits and preferences for
drawing with Inkscape. 


Menu bar: along the top, general menu options

Commands bar: quick access to common commands.

Toolbox: on the left, main drawing tools. Only one tool can be used at once.

Tool controls bar just below to adjust the currently selected tool

Canvas: the large blank area where the image is edited.

Page area: A black/white outline represents it

Docking area: dialogs for specific functionality


Ways of Drawing in InkscapeClick to read

Inkscape offers several ways for creating vector images, which can, of course, be combined:

  • using the geometric shape tools
  • using the path tools, much like a pencil on paper
  • using one of the many available features that let you create elements of a drawing automatically
  • starting from a photo, a scanned/copied image or any raster graphic by using a tracing engine


The Shape ToolsClick to read


Squares and Rectangles


Circles, Ellipses and Arcs


Stars and Polygons





The Shape Tools is used to create a geometric shapes:

  • Start by selecting the tool in the toolbar by clicking on it. Then press the mouse button and hold while you drag the mouse on the page area. Then release the mouse button to display the shape.
  • Once the mouse button is released and the shape is displayed, various handles will become visible. Many of Inkscape’s tools use handles for one purpose or another.   


Free DrawingClick to read

Pencil, Pen and Calligraphy tools

Bezier curves and straight lines

Freehand lines

Calligraphy or brush strokes

With some practice, you will get better and better in achieving exactly the result that you desire.

The freehand drawing tools make it possible to draw directly onto the Inkscape canvas.

Depending on what and how you would like to draw, you can select the best tool for the task.

These tools are not based on geometrical shapes. You can draw exactly the shape you need. And of course, you can always modify the elements in your drawing with the path tools.   

The Selector ToolClick to read

Transformations (such as moving, scaling, rotating) are easy thanks to the two-way arrows.

Select and transform objects


Select all objects or all nodes


Click once to scale and skew

Click twice to rotate

To select more than one object:

  • press the mouse button and drag out a selection box with all the objects.

To scale (change the size of) an object:

  • click on it to select it; then press the mouse button a two-way arrow on a side or a corner and hold while dragging it to the desired size
  • If you want to preserve the proportions hold Ctrl or use the lock in the tools control bar 


Editing Paths with the Node ToolClick to read

   The Node tool is used when you need to edit a path.

The paths are made of connected nodes, like pearls on a string.

The position of a node is shown as a square, circle or a diamond handle on the path.

A path’s shape can be changed by moving the nodes it consists of:

  • First activate the Node tool.
  • Then click on the path to select it.
  • Then you can click and drag the node you wish to put in a new place.
Important Node ToolsClick to read

   Delete segment between two non-endpoint nodes

   Join selected end nodes with a new segment

   Break path at selected nodes

   Join selected nodes

  • If you want to insert new nodes just double-click at the segment they are supposed to be.
  • To delete unwanted nodes just click on them and then either right click and chose “Delete” in the menu or simply use the “Delete”-key on your keyboard.


Changing an image into a vectorClick to read

Making use of “Trace Bitmap”

If you want to use a picture/drawing/clipart from the internet, “Trace Bitmap” is the right tool.

  • The image chosen has to be active (you’ll see a frame around the pic).
  • Choose “Path” and then “Trace Bitmap” in the dropdown menu.
  • A new window opens and where you can choose the method of scanning. Standard choice is “Brightness cutoff” with threshold of 0.450. If you raise the number the image will get darker, if you lower it will take less color.
  • When happy with the image just hit “OK” to get the vector image.
  • Now just drag the new image off the original one and start editing.

Vector with nodes vs. original image


Adding text to your imageClick to read

Give your design a personal touch

A step to giving your work an individual touch is by adding some text. 

   This icon enables writing. Just click anywhere in your workspace and start writing.

Keep in mind not all fonts are good for laser/vinylcutting, especially those with very fine lines can be difficult to handle.

When using a laser cutter remember to connect all parts that otherwise would just fall out of your design (see image)


Text for vinylsticker vs. text for lasercutter
when cutting and removing the letters (leave holes where the letters are, e.g. when using as a sign with backlight)

Stacking OrderClick to read

What should be up front and what's in the background

In Menu bar Object

Stacking Order

If you have drawn objects that overlap each other, you can select an object and then click “Raise” or “Lower” under the “Object” menu to change the stacking order.


Align and DistributeClick to read

Putting things in places

In the dropdown menu "Object" you find the item "Align and Distribute"

It's used to arrange items in your worksheet.

This comes in handy when you want to put a text straight under a pic or arrange objects at the same bottom line.